Technical Program: Focus Topics
2D Materials Focus Topic (2D)
The two-dimensional materials (2D) focus topic (FT) is a crosscutting AVS-wide interdisciplinary forum for discussion of fundamental science and novel applications of emerging 2D materials. Our program, which spans the full conference week, offers 11 oral sessions and 1 poster session, which are co-sponsored by several AVS Divisions and Focus Topics. The 2D FT will review of the latest develop ments in this interdisciplinary field through 17 invited talks, 76 contributed papers, and 14 posters, covering world-wide efforts in exploring the fundamental properties of emerging 2D materials, their growth, fabrication and characterization; mechanical, thermal, electronic, magnetic, and optical properties, emergent 2D materials, dopants, defects and heterostructures of 2D materials, surface chemistry, functionalization and sensor applications. Several important themes, which will be highlighted in invited talks, include computational design of 2D materials and heterostructures, dopants and defects in 2D materials, 2D materials devices for nanoelectronics and sensor applications, novel quantum phenomena in 2D materials.
Actinides and Rare Earths Focus Topic (AC)
Actinides and rare earths exhibit many unique and diverse physical, chemical and magnetic properties resulting in large part to the complexity of their 5f and 4f electronic structure. The Actinide and Rare Earth Focus Topic Sessions focus on the chemistry, physics and materials science of f–electron materials. Emphasis will be placed upon the 4f/5f electronic and magnetic structure, surface science, thin film properties, and applications to energy–related issues. The role of fundamental f–electron science in resolving technical challenges posed by actinide materials will be stressed, particularly with regard to energy applications, novel nuclear fuels, and chemistry for environmental management. Both basic and applied experimental approaches, including user facility-based investigations, as well as theory and computational simulations, will be featured to reconcile the observed behavior in these complex materials. Of particular importance are the issues important to nuclear energy and security, including fuel synthesis, oxidation, corrosion, intermixing, stability in extreme environments, prediction of properties via bench-marked simulations, separation science, and forensics. Shared sessions are held with Applied Surface Science (AS), Magnetic Interfaces (MI), Synchrotron Radiation (SA), and Sustainability (SU).
Advanced Ion Microscopy Focus Topic (HI)
AVS 64 will again be host to the Advanced Ion Microscopy focus topic (formerly Helium Ion Microscopy FT). The 2017 program will continuing with the theme of featuring emerging ion beam technology research and ion beam based nano-scale microscopy, surface science, and nano-patterning research-applications. In addition, the sessions will continue with the focus topic’s historical theme of presenting the latest research in helium gas field ion source microscopy. This year will consist of four sessions: (i) Emerging Ion Sources and Optics; (ii) Advances in Ion Microscopy; (iii) Novel Beam Induced Surface Analysis and Nano-patterning; and (iv) Advanced Ion Microscopy Poster Session. Talks include the latest industry research in cesium cold beams from Anne DeLobbe (Tescan-Orsay Physics) and Adam Steel (zeroK NanoTech); emerging developments in ion beam based nano spectroscopy from Robert Hull (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute), Olga Ovchinnikova (Oak Ridge NL), and Tom Wirtz (Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology); and novel developments in nano-resolution ion beam patterning and microscopy from Hiroshi Mizuta (Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology) and Paul Dastoor (University of Newcastle, Australia). This list of talks from academia, national labs, and industry, along with many more novel talks on advances ion beam microscopy applications, will continue the tradition of making this a must attend focus topic for ion beam researchers.
Biomaterials Plenary Session (BP)
The Biomaterials Interfaces program kicks off with the now traditional Biomaterials Plenary Session. This year we are pleased to have presentations from three eminent scientists who have made significant contributions to the field of biointerfaces. The plenary has a focus on non-fouling surfaces and honors the 70th birthday of Michael Grunze and his substantial contributions in the field of protein and adhesion resistant interfaces. In his talk he will illustrate how surface functionalization can control fundamental adhesion processes, hematocompatibility, and fouling. In particular are the correlation of fundamental physical surface parameters and quantitative biological data as well as the application and the development of spectroscopic methods for in situ and in vivo investigations of biointerfaces and cells. Morgan Alexander will describe new approaches to materials discovery for biological environments, including high-throughput approaches that integrate combinatorial materials synthesis with sophisticated, state-of-the-art surface analytical measurements. Understanding these relationships is critical in the development of the biomaterials of the future and is the theme running through his group's work across a variety of biomedical application areas spanning bacterial adhesion to controlling stem cell response. Joanna Aizenberg will talk about her substantial contributions in understanding basic principles of biological architectures and the elegance with which biology solves complex problems. She uses biological principles as guidance in developing new, bio-inspired synthetic routes and nanofabrication strategies that lead to advanced materials and devices, with broad implications in fields ranging from architecture to energy efficiency to medicine. Among recent innovations are SLIPS coatings that provide non-toxic antifouling protection of surfaces. The session will close with the opportunity for further discussions at our traditional Plenary Reception.
Exhibitor Technology Spotlight (EW)
Abstracts are solicited from AVS 64 Exhibitors for presentations to symposium attendees during technical session breaks on exhibit days. Papers submitted and material presented during the presentation must provide technical information and/or analysis using a specific exhibitor product, technique or service. The Exhibitor Technology Spotlight will emphasize: New instrumentation, products, services, techniques and/or new applications in research, industrial, manufacturing or processing; Technology transfer from R&D to manufacturing; Scale-up aspects and innovations in manufacturing practices; Technology/economic aspects and market impact of new and innovative scientific and/or engineering technologies. The 20 minute presentations will be held in stage area of the exhibit hall and will take place during symposium session breaks to ensure maximum attendance. Cost is $500 ($400 for Corporate Members). For space availability, contact Jeannette DeGennaro: Jeannette@avs.org
Fundamental Discoveries in Heterogeneous Catalysis Focus Topic (HC)
The “Fundamental Discoveries in Heterogeneous Catalysis” (HC) focus topic highlights recent advances in the understanding of the atomic and molecular basis for heterogeneously catalyzed reactions on solid surfaces. This will be the second time the HC focus topic has been organized, and is coordinated with the Surface Science (SS) division. Session topics include theoretical models, nanoscale structures, gas-surface dynamics, novel studies of active surfaces, and bridging gaps in surface science and catalysis. The symposium will highlight connections among theoretical and experimental approaches with the goal of revealing key details of the fundamental chemistry and physics underlying heterogeneous catalysis. Of particular interest are developments in chemical understanding, atomic-level details, and predictive models of reactions catalyzed by metal surfaces.
Novel Trends in Synchrotron and FEL-Based Analysis Focus Topic (SA)
The AVS 64 Focus Topic Novel Trends in Synchrotron & FELBased Analysis will disseminate the recent successes of scattering, spectroscopic and imaging techniques in characterization of functional materials, where the complexity of matter encompasses multiple energy, time and length-scales. The presentations are selected to present the exciting opportunities offered at the large scale synchrotron radiation and Free Electron Laser facilities for ‘seeing’ how matter evolves down to fs and to the level of nano-units, atoms and molecules. The emphasis will be on processes occurring at surfaces and interfaces where interaction-related motions involve numerous reaction and transport steps that relate directly to desirable chemical, electric and magnetic properties. The five oral sessions will cover important fields spanning over catalysis, interfacial reactions in energy devices, 2D materials, correlated systems and magnetism. In most of these systems the major challenge is to understand the origin of emergent behavior at heterointerfaces and how the interfacial structure and functionality respond to external stimuli such as temperature, electric field, light or changes in the chemical composition by exposing to various environments.
Plasma Processing for Biomedical Applications Focus Topic (PB)
Plasma processing is an ideal way to either create new or modify existing material surfaces for use in various applications, including medicine. The Focus Topic will address the most up to date challenges and latest developments of plasmas interfacing biomaterials and biological systems. This will include plasma processing of biomaterials, pharmaceuticals, and living organisms for biological, therapeutic and agricultural applications. There are two major topical categories in this Focus Topic. One is concerned with plasma synthesis or modification of biomaterials and pharmaceuticals and the other is concerned with the use of plasmas for biological applications as direct therapeutics, including treating infected tissue, wound healing, and cancer treatment, and agricultural applications for example plant growth, and sterilization. The former covers the chemistry of biomaterial surfaces and biological molecules, biointerfaces, and efficacy of medical devices that are made or modified via plasma processes. The latter covers a field known as plasma medicine, in which biological reactions in living organisms triggered by plasma generated chemically reactive species are discussed. Latest interests in these categories include plasma polymerization and surface modification to increase biocompatibility of materials, plasma processes to create antimicrobial surfaces, biomimetic materials, 3D cell scaffolds, etc., plasmaliquid interaction, plasma-enhanced chemical reactions in liquid, plasma seed and plant treatments, and plasma-cell or tissue interaction. Presentations on the underpinning methodologies including plasma and liquid diagnostic techniques, biological assay development and simulations are also included. All sessions are co-sponsored by Biointerfaces (BI) and Plasma Science and Technology (PS).
Scanning Probe Microscopy Focus Topic (SP)
The scanning probe microscopy (SPM) field has provided a family of techniques that have revolutionized our understanding of nanoscale interfacial phenomena. Now comprised of more than 20 different types of microscopy, the field has provided advanced tools that are able to image, manipulate and interrogate the functionality of surface features to the level of individual molecules and atoms. Such tools underpin the research activities encompassed by many AVS divisions. This focus topic will provide a forum for the discussion of the latest advances and novel applications made in the SPM field. Areas of particular interest include approaches to improve imaging capability, the acquisition of probe-sample interaction data, and the novel and emerging applications in physical and chemical functional imaging. These interests are reflected through invited and contributed presentations in 5 key areas, namely: (1) New Imaging and Spectroscopy Methodologies, (2) Probing Electronic and Transport Properties, (3) Probing Chemical Reactions at the Nanoscale, (4) Probe-Sample Interactions, (5) Probing and Manipulating Nanoscale Structure. The highlighted speakers include Joseph Lyding on STM-Based Nanofabrication and Integrating Nanostructures with Clean Semiconductor Surfaces, Chih-Kang Shih on 2D Electronic Materials and their Heterostructures, and Andrew Wee on Molecule-2D interfaces.
Spectroscopic Ellipsometry Focus Topic (EL)
The FT Spectroscopic Ellipsometry integrates themes ranging from classical material science and thin film characterization to physical and chemical processes at biomaterial interfaces and nanometer scale science. AVS 64 will host two oral and one poster session dedicated to traditional applications of spectroscopic ellipsometry in optical materials and thin film characterization as well as new and emerging topics. In the first session, classical research topics of ellipsometry as for instance optical coatings and inorganic thin films characterization as well as contemporary areas like nanostructured materials will be presented. In the second session of the Spectroscopic Ellipsometry FT we will host presentations on novel experimental and theoretical approaches including imaging ellipsometry or optical critical dimension analysis techniques as well as contributions related to the microscopic origin of depolarization and decoherence. As a highlight of this FT, the best student paper, which is selected based on the quality of the research, its presentation, and the discussion during the symposium, will be awarded with the Spectroscopic Ellipsometry FT award. Past recipients of the award and rules for entering the competition can be found at http://www.avs.org/Awards-Recognition/Focus-Topic-Awards/Spectroscopic-Ellipsometry-Focus-Topic.
Sustainability Focus Topic (SU)
In keeping with worldwide trends and needs, the National Science Foundation (NSF) started an initiative in 2013 to encourage and foster research in Sustainable Chemistry, Engineering, and Materials (SusChEM); in particular, this initiative addresses the interrelated challenges of sustainable supply, engineering, production, and use of sustainable materials and integrated materials systems. Presentations under this Focus Topic will include oral sessions of invited and contributed talks, covering the areas of (i) critical materials for energy sustainability including fuel cells and batteries, (ii) membranes and sensors for food and water quality and other applications based on graphene, nanocellulose and other materials, and (iii) thermoelectric, piezoelectric, and superconducting materials and devices. All of these areas cover fundamental research themes such as the replacement of rare, expensive, and/or toxic materials with earth-abundant, inexpensive, and benign materials; recycling of materials that cannot be replaced; development and characterization of low cost, sustainable, and scalably manufactured materials with improved properties; and increased conservation of natural resources, such as water, raw materials, and energy. Co-sponsored sessions are also being held with Actinides and Rare Earths (AC) and Nanometer-Scale Science & Technology (NS).
Tandem MS Focus Topic (TM)
Tandem Mass Spectrometry involves isolating selected ions, fragmenting the mass selected species, and detection of the fragmented ions to assist in elucidating the chemical structure of these analytes. The ability to identify ions in the complex and congested mass spectra produced by organic macromolecules pose a major challenge, particularly for in situ techniques such as mass spectrometry imaging (MSI). However, tandem MS provides a versatile analytical method to elucidate and validate peak assignments. The 2017 tandem MS Focus Topic will feature sessions on i) the recent expansion of tandem MS in surface science, ii) its application in the analysis of complex organic materials, including but not limited to the polymers, organicelectronics, peptides, and metabolites, as well as, its versatile range of applications in MSI methodologies (i.e. MALDI, DESI, and SIMS), iii) fundamental investigations and advanced tandem MS methodologies and iv) data processing methods (i.e. database searching, in silico fragment analysis software). The FT will also include applications, new instrumentation, and advanced data analysis methods that utilize high mass resolution to improve confidence in peak assignments (i.e. Fourier transform-based MS).
Tribology Focus Topic (TR)
The Tribology Focus Topic will feature sessions on nanoscale wear with applications in nano-metrology and nano-manufacturing, molecular origins of friction, lubricants and coatings, and friction in biological systems. Sessions are jointly sponsored by the Applied Surface Science (ASSD) Division, Thin Films (TF), Nanometer-scale Science and Technology (NSTD), and Biointerfaces (BI). Our focus is on linking of nanoscale information (either simulations or experiments, but preferably both) to macroscale observations. Presentations will carry a materials focus in areas such as thin film deposition, solid lubricants, nanocomposites designed for tribological function, self-healing interfaces, wear-resistant polymers, and biomaterials. Contributions will consider advances in in-situ, molecularly specific, spatially resolved approaches to the quantitative characterization of tribological interfaces as well as accounts of numerical computation and molecular modeling of tribological materials and biomaterials. In addition to the four oral sessions, we will have a poster session, which will provide an opportunity for personal exchange and discussion of results with colleagues.